Noncommunicable diseases | Surveillance


Surveillance

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Effective strategies for the prevention and control of NCDs require good quality, reliable, standardized and sustainable dataEffective strategies for the prevention and control of NCDs require good quality, reliable, standardized and sustainable dataEffective strategies for the prevention and control of NCDs require specific data. Good quality, reliable, standardized and sustainable data help countries set their priorities and develop targeted interventions to reverse the NCD epidemic. Surveillance is thus a fundamental tool in WHO’s work to prevent and control NCDs.

WHO STEPwise approach

The WHO STEPwise approach to surveillance of NCD risk factors (STEPS) is the recommended tool for surveillance of chronic diseases and their risk factors. STEPS was developed by WHO as part of a global surveillance strategy, in response to the growing need for country-level trends in NCDs.

STEPS uses a standard survey instrument and a methodology that can be adapted to different country resource settings and helps to build country capacity. STEPS provides information not only for monitoring NCD trends within countries, but for cross-country comparisons as well, using the same standardized questions and protocols across all countries.

STEPS Country reports

Many of our countries in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region have published the results of their STEPS survey in STEPS country reports, data books, fact sheets, journal articles, presentations or posters.

Visit STEPS Country reports and click on any of the country names on that page to access the documents available for that country.

STEPS Country reports

Assessing national capacity for the prevention and control of NCDs

To respond to the NCD burden, WHO conducts periodic assessment of national capacity for NCD prevention and control through the use of a global survey to all countries known as the NCD Country Capacity Survey (NCD CCS). Such periodic assessment allows countries and WHO to monitor progress and achievements in expanding capacities to respond to the epidemic of noncommunicable diseases.

The questionnaire, which covers the following topics: health system infrastructure; funding; policies, plans and strategies; surveillance; primary health care; and partnerships and multilateral collaboration; is completed by national NCD focal points or designated colleagues within the ministry of health or a national institute/agency.

Implementation of the NCD CCS is managed collaboratively between WHO Headquarters (WHO HQ) and the six WHO Regional Offices. NCD Country Capacity Surveys have been carried out in 2000, 2005, 2010, 2013 and 2015. Global and region-specific reports are available by following the link below.

Report on the country capacity survey in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region 2010 | 2015

Global report on the country capacity survey 2000 | 2005 | 2010 | 2013 | 2015

The WHO STEPwise approach is the recommended tool for surveillance of NCDs and their risk factorsRelated resources

Regional framework for action | French | Arabic (updated October 2015)

WHO Global NCD InfoBase

WHO NCD Surveillance strategy

WHO STEPwise approach to NCD risk factors

WHO STEPwise approach to stroke surveillance

Why invest in surveillance?