In May 2013, the World Health Assembly endorsed the WHO "Global Action Plan for the Prevention and Control of NCDs 2013–2020". The "Global Action Plan" provides Member States, international partners and WHO with a road map and menu of policy options which, when implemented collectively between 2013 and 2020, will contribute to progress on 9 global NCD targets to be attained in 2025, including a 25% relative reduction in premature mortality from NCDs by 2025.
The 9 voluntary global targets address key NCD risk factors, including tobacco use, salt intake, physical inactivity, high blood pressure and harmful use of alcohol.
The WHO "Global Action Plan" provides “best buys” or cost-effective, high-impact interventions recommended by WHO, including banning all forms of tobacco advertising, replacing trans fats with polyunsaturated fats, restricting or banning alcohol advertising, preventing heart attacks and strokes, promoting breastfeeding, implementing public awareness programmes on diet and physical activity, and preventing cervical cancer through screening.
WHO’s global monitoring framework on NCDs will start tracking implementation of the Global Action Plan through monitoring and reporting on the attainment of the 9 global targets for NCDs, by 2015, against a baseline in 2010. Accordingly, governments are urged to:
set national NCD targets for 2025 based on national circumstances;
develop multisectoral national NCD plans to reduce exposure to risk factors and enable health systems to respond in order to reach these national targets in 2025; and
measure results, taking into account the Global Action Plan.
WHO is providing support to Member States in implementing simple steps which can reduce the prevalence of NCDs, such as raising tobacco taxes, reducing the amount of salt in foods and improving access to inexpensive medicines to prevent heart attacks and strokes.
A 25% relative reduction in overall mortality from cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes, or chronic respiratory diseases
At least 10% relative reduction in the harmful use of alcohol, as appropriate, within the national context
A 10% relative reduction in prevalence of insuffi cient physical activity
A 30% relative reduction in mean population intake of salt/sodium intake
A 30% relative reduction in prevalence of current tobacco use in persons aged 15+ years
A 25% relative reduction in the prevalence of raised blood pressure or contain the prevalence of raised blood pressure, accoring to national circumstances
Halt the rise in diabetes and obesity
At least 50% of eligible people receive drug therapy and counselling (including glycaemic control) to prevent heart attacks and strokes
An 80% availability of the affordable basic technologies and essential medicines, including generics, required to treat major noncommunicable diseases in both public and private facilities
About the NCD programme
The NCD programme provides technical support to Member States of the Eastern Mediterranean Region to effectively implement the United Nations Political Declaration on the Prevention and Control of NCDs, based on the updated Regional Framework for Action and process indicators. The objectives of the NCD programme are to:
raise the priority accorded to NCDs in development work at global and national levels, and to integrate prevention and control of such diseases into policies across all government departments
establish and strengthen national policies and plans for the prevention and control of NCDs
promote interventions to reduce the main shared, modifiable behavioural risk factors for NCDs: tobacco use, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol
promote research for the prevention and control of NCDs
promote partnerships for the prevention and control of NCDs
monitor NCDs and their determinants and evaluate progress at the national, regional and global levels.