Santé mentale et toxicomanies | Actualités | WHO and partners release manual on psychological first aid during Ebola outbreaks

WHO and partners release manual on psychological first aid during Ebola outbreaks

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Psychological first aid. Ebola manualIn times of outbreaks, it is critical that helpers be equipped with the know-how to provide humane, supportive and practical help for people who are distressed, in ways that respect their dignity, culture and abilities.

Consequently, WHO and partners released their first facilitator’s manual, to provide helpers with a comprehensive orientation and materials for use when offering psychological first aid to people affected by an Ebola outbreak. More specifically, this facilitator’s manual includes:

information on how to prepare for giving an orientation and tips for facilitators

a full day orientation agenda and a step-by-step description of each module, including learning objectives, narrative and tips for the facilitator

slides and instructions for group exercises and discussions

annexes which provide supporting materials to print as handouts for participants. 

This facilitator’s manual is to be used together with the guide Psychological first aid during Ebola virus disease outbreaks, launched September 2014.

Facilitation manual: Psychological first aid during Ebola disease outbreaks    

Guide: Psychological first aid during Ebola virus disease outbreaks

Statistiques

Dans la Région de la Méditerranée orientale :

les troubles mentaux et neurologiques sont responsables de 12 % de l'ensemble des années de vie corrigées de l'incapacité perdues du fait de la maladie ou du traumatisme

les troubles de la santé mentale sont à l'origine de 27 % des années vécues avec une incapacité

les toxicomanies représentent une perte de 4 années de vie corrigées de l'incapacité (pour 1 000 personnes)

les toxicomanies causent 9 décès sur 100 000 personnes

la consommation totale d'alcool par adulte (dès 15 ans) et par an est faible (0,65 litre alors que la moyenne mondiale est de 6,13 litres)