Mental health and substance use | Mental health action plan 2013–2020

Mental health action plan 2013–2020 (extended to 2030)

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Mental health action plan 2013-2020

Overview

In May 2013, the 66th World Health Assembly adopted the “Mental health action plan for 2013–2020”. This action plan was extended to 2030 at the 72nd World Health Assembly to ensure its alignment with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The plan will help countries achieve Sustainable Development Goal target 3.4 – by 2030, reduce by one third premature deaths from noncommunicable diseases through prevention and treatment, and promote mental health and well-being.

The action plan was developed in response to the growing burden of mental health disorders and the challenges that health systems around the world are facing to respond to the needs of people with mental health problems. The action plan is a landmark achievement that focuses international attention on a long-neglected problem and is firmly rooted in the principles of human rights.

There is no health or sustainable development without mental health; mental health is too important to be left to the professionals alone, and mental health is everyone's business

Vision of the action plan

A world in which mental health is valued, promoted, and protected, mental health disorders are prevented and individuals affected by these disorders are able to exercise the full range of human rights and access high-quality, culturally-appropriate health and social care in a timely way to promote recovery, all in order to attain the highest possible level of health and participate fully in society and at work free from stigmatization and discrimination.

Objectives of the action plan

There are 4 major objectives of the action plan. Each one of these objectives has been linked to specific and measurable global targets and indicators, to monitor implementation, progress, and impact. 

Objective 1

Strengthen effective leadership and governance for mental health

Target 1.1 80% of countries will have developed or updated their policy/plan for mental health in line with international and regional human rights instruments. Indicator Existence of a national policy and/or plan for mental health that is in line with international human rights instruments [Yes/No].
Target 1.2 50% of countries will have developed or updated their laws for mental health in line with international and regional human rights instruments. Indicator Existence of a national law covering mental health that is in line with international human rights instruments [Yes/No].

Objective 2

Provide comprehensive, integrated and responsive mental health and social care services in community-based settings

Target 2.1 20% increase in service coverage for severe mental disorders. Indicator Proportion of persons with a severe mental disorder (psychosis; bipolar affective disorder; moderate-severe depression) who are using services [%].

Objective 3

Implement strategies for promotion and prevention in mental health

Target 3.1 80% of countries will have at least two functioning national, multisectoral mental health promotion and prevention programmes. Indicator Functioning programmes of multisectoral mental health promotion and prevention in existence [Yes/No].
Target 3.2 10% reduction in the rate of suicide in countries. Indicator Number of suicide deaths per year per 100 000 population.

Objective 4

Strengthen information systems, evidence and research for mental health

Target 4 80% of countries will be routinely collecting and reporting at least a core set of mental health indicators every two years through their national health and social information systems. Indicator Core set of identified and agreed mental health indicators routinely collected and reported every two years [Yes/No].

Our endgame

To promote mental well-being, prevent mental health disorders, provide care, enhance recovery, promote human rights and reduce the mortality, morbidity and disability for individuals with mental health disorders

With effective implementation of the action plan, individuals with mental health disorders will:

find it easier to receive mental health and social care services.

be offered treatment by skilled health workers in community-based settings.

participate in the reorganization, delivery and evaluation of services so that treatment better suits their needs.

gain greater access to government disability benefits, housing and livelihood programmes, and better participate in work and community life.

Our partners

The mental health action plan was a product of a consultation process that involved 135 countries, 60 WHO collaborating centres and academic centres, 76 nongovernmental organizations, and 17 other organizations and individual experts.

Related links

Mental health action plan 2013–2020

Resolution WHA66/8: comprehensive mental health action plan 2013–2020

Resolution WHA72: comprehensive mental health action plan 2013-2030 (p. 33)

Development of a global mental health action plan 2013–2020

WHO Director-General's speech to launch the action plan

Mental health atlas 2017

The Lancet: WHA adopts comprehensive mental health action plan 2013–2020