Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever

A woman is examined by doctor for signs of haemorrhagic feverViral haemorrhagic fever is a general term for a severe illness, sometimes associated with bleeding, that may be caused by a number of viruses.Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is the most widespread tick-borne viral infection and one of the most rapidly emerging viral haemorrhagic fevers in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe. Humans are infected by tick bites or through close contact with infected animals or humans. CCHF begins with a sudden onset of influenza-like symptoms which may progress to severe bleeding and be fatal if not treated.

In the Eastern Mediterranean Region, sporadic human cases and outbreaks of CCHF have been reported from Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan and the United Arab Emirates. In some countries, the trend of CCHF has been steadily increasing in recent years. WHO is working with partners to support CCHF surveillance and outbreak response activities.

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