Cholera


Cholera outbreak in Yemen

Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal infection caused by ingestion of food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. Every year, there are an estimated 3–5 million cholera cases and 100 000 to 120 000 deaths due to cholera. The short incubation period of 2 hours to 5 days, enhances the potentially explosive pattern of outbreaks.

Cholera is an extremely virulent disease. It affects both children and adults and can kill within hours. About 75% of people infected with Vibrio cholerae do not develop any symptoms although the bacteria are present in their faeces for 7–14 days after infection and are shed back into the environment, potentially infecting other people.

Cholera remains a major public health risk in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region. There has been a resurgence of cholera in the Region in the past few years, and the leading attributing factors are poor environmental infrastructure, such as lack of safe drinking water and lack of access to safe sanitation, and increased population movement. 

Countries in the Region facing complex emergencies are particularly at risk as they lack safe drinking water and sanitation resources. The full extent of the burden of cholera in the Region is difficult to estimate due to weak surveillance systems in some endemic countries in addition to underreporting of cases. It is estimated that the number of cholera cases may be around 188 000 per annum. During the past decade, at least 9 out of 22 countries in the Region have reported cholera cases, often in epidemic proportions. Explosive outbreaks have been reported from Afghanistan, Djibouti, Iraq, Pakistan, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. 

Effective and proven prevention and control measure for cholera are dependent on the provision of adequate environmental infrastructure and health services and healthy hygiene measures. The availability of oral cholera vaccines is offering hope for cholera prevention and control, particularly in situations where other conventional public health measures, such as improving access to safe water and sanitation, cannot be scaled up rapidly due to conflict or other environmental factors. Four cholera-endemic countries in the Region (Iraq, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen) have introduced oral cholera vaccines to supplement the existing preventive measures. 

Latest updates

2018

15 February 2018

15 February 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health of Somalia Federal Republic has reported 103 new cases of AWD/cholera, with no associated death during week 5 (January 29 to February 4) in 2018. The cumulative total number of cases is 750 with two associated deaths (CFR 0.3%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.  Children under 5 represent 64% of the reported cases.   Over the past 5 weeks, there has been an increase in the number of AWD/Cholera cases from Banadir, Lower Jubba, and Hiran. Out of 84 stool samples tested, 24 returned positive for bacteria vibrio...

15 February 2018

15 February 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded 3633 suspected cases of cholera, including 1 associated death in the country for week 5 (29 January – 4 February). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 055 788 suspected cholera cases and 2255 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.21%) since April 2017. The number of cases has been declining for the past 21 consecutive weeks. The proportion of severe cases now represents only 16.2% of suspected cases. Out of 305 districts, 118 have not reported new cases for the last three consecutive weeks....

08 February 2018

8 February 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 4,920 suspected cases including 4 associated deaths related to cholera in the country for week 4 (22 – 28 January). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 051 789 suspected cholera cases and 2,252 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.21%) since April 2017. The number of cases has been on the decline for the past 20 consecutive weeks. The proportion of severe cases has also decreased significantly, now representing only 9% of admitted cases. Out of 305 districts, 198 still report suspected cholera cases,...

08 February 2018

8 February 2018 - The Ministry of Health of Somalia has recorded 66 new cases of AWD/cholera, with no associated mortality during week 4 (22 – 28 January). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 334 cases, including 1 death (case fatality rate: 0.3%). The current outbreak of cholera has been reported solely in Banadir and Hiran regions. Of the 66 newly reported cases, 17 were reported from Beledweyne in Hiran region, while 49 new cases were reported from 12 districts in Banadir region.  Although cholera immunization programs have been conducted in some part of these regions in 2017,...

01 February 2018

1 February 2018 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 6410 suspected cases of cholera and 4 associated deaths in week 3 (15–21 January). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 046 674 including 2248 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.21%) since April 2017.   The trend of new cases of cholera is downward compared to previous months. The weekly proportion of severe cases is at 10% of the total admitted cases. The five governorates with the highest cumulative attack rates are Amran, Al Mahwit, Al Dhale’e, Hajjah and Sana’a.  WHO, Health cluster and WASH partners...

30 January 2018

28 January 2018 - The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported a total of 93 new cases of AWD/cholera and zero associated deaths for week 3 (15 – 21 January). The cumulative total of cases since the beginning of the year stands at 268 suspected cases of cholera and 1 associated death with 0.4% case-fatality rate (CFR). Out of 13 stool samples from suspected patients in Banadir Hospital that were tested at the National Public Health Laboratory in Mogadishu, 2 were positive for . Of these total cases, 47% (127) were reported from eight districts in Banadir region and...

18 January 2018

18 January 2018 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 13,045 suspected cases of cholera since the beginning of January 2018, including 6 deaths in the country. The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 035 676 including 2244 associated deaths since April 2017. The overall case-fatality rate remains low (0.22%).   A significant decline in reported cases and deaths has been noted compared to previous months. Among the 22 affected governorates, 5 governorates (Al Mahrah, Mokalla, Seyoun, Shabwah, and Abyan) have not reported cases for the past 2 weeks.  The ongoing outbreak is attributed to...

18 January 2018

18 January 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has detected an outbreak of cholera in Beledweyne and Banadir regions starting 4 December 2017, reporting a total of 388 suspected cases and 0 deaths for the month of December. Out of 41 stool samples tested, 21 have proven positive for vibrio cholera bacteria.  WHO and health partners are supporting the Ministry of Health to respond to the outbreak and prevent the spread of the disease through response activities including pre-positioning of supplies, training of community health workers and water quality surveillance. Cholera treatment centres (CTCs) have been opened in Beledweyne and...

2017

15 February 2018

15 February 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health of Somalia Federal Republic has reported 103 new cases of AWD/cholera, with no associated death during week 5 (January 29 to February 4) in 2018. The cumulative total number of cases is 750 with two associated deaths (CFR 0.3%) since the beginning of the current outbreak in December 2017.  Children under 5 represent 64% of the reported cases.   Over the past 5 weeks, there has been an increase in the number of AWD/Cholera cases from Banadir, Lower Jubba, and Hiran. Out of 84 stool samples tested, 24 returned positive for bacteria vibrio...

15 February 2018

15 February 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded 3633 suspected cases of cholera, including 1 associated death in the country for week 5 (29 January – 4 February). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 055 788 suspected cholera cases and 2255 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.21%) since April 2017. The number of cases has been declining for the past 21 consecutive weeks. The proportion of severe cases now represents only 16.2% of suspected cases. Out of 305 districts, 118 have not reported new cases for the last three consecutive weeks....

08 February 2018

8 February 2018 - The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 4,920 suspected cases including 4 associated deaths related to cholera in the country for week 4 (22 – 28 January). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 051 789 suspected cholera cases and 2,252 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.21%) since April 2017. The number of cases has been on the decline for the past 20 consecutive weeks. The proportion of severe cases has also decreased significantly, now representing only 9% of admitted cases. Out of 305 districts, 198 still report suspected cholera cases,...

08 February 2018

8 February 2018 - The Ministry of Health of Somalia has recorded 66 new cases of AWD/cholera, with no associated mortality during week 4 (22 – 28 January). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 334 cases, including 1 death (case fatality rate: 0.3%). The current outbreak of cholera has been reported solely in Banadir and Hiran regions. Of the 66 newly reported cases, 17 were reported from Beledweyne in Hiran region, while 49 new cases were reported from 12 districts in Banadir region.  Although cholera immunization programs have been conducted in some part of these regions in 2017,...

01 February 2018

1 February 2018 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 6410 suspected cases of cholera and 4 associated deaths in week 3 (15–21 January). The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 046 674 including 2248 associated deaths (case-fatality rate 0.21%) since April 2017.   The trend of new cases of cholera is downward compared to previous months. The weekly proportion of severe cases is at 10% of the total admitted cases. The five governorates with the highest cumulative attack rates are Amran, Al Mahwit, Al Dhale’e, Hajjah and Sana’a.  WHO, Health cluster and WASH partners...

30 January 2018

28 January 2018 - The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported a total of 93 new cases of AWD/cholera and zero associated deaths for week 3 (15 – 21 January). The cumulative total of cases since the beginning of the year stands at 268 suspected cases of cholera and 1 associated death with 0.4% case-fatality rate (CFR). Out of 13 stool samples from suspected patients in Banadir Hospital that were tested at the National Public Health Laboratory in Mogadishu, 2 were positive for . Of these total cases, 47% (127) were reported from eight districts in Banadir region and...

18 January 2018

18 January 2018 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported 13,045 suspected cases of cholera since the beginning of January 2018, including 6 deaths in the country. The cumulative total of suspected cholera cases stands at 1 035 676 including 2244 associated deaths since April 2017. The overall case-fatality rate remains low (0.22%).   A significant decline in reported cases and deaths has been noted compared to previous months. Among the 22 affected governorates, 5 governorates (Al Mahrah, Mokalla, Seyoun, Shabwah, and Abyan) have not reported cases for the past 2 weeks.  The ongoing outbreak is attributed to...

18 January 2018

18 January 2018 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has detected an outbreak of cholera in Beledweyne and Banadir regions starting 4 December 2017, reporting a total of 388 suspected cases and 0 deaths for the month of December. Out of 41 stool samples tested, 21 have proven positive for vibrio cholera bacteria.  WHO and health partners are supporting the Ministry of Health to respond to the outbreak and prevent the spread of the disease through response activities including pre-positioning of supplies, training of community health workers and water quality surveillance. Cholera treatment centres (CTCs) have been opened in Beledweyne and...

19 December 2017

19 December 2017 - The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported an additional 435 suspected cases of cholera and 0 deaths for week 48 (ending 3 December). Since the beginning of the year, a cumulative total of 78 784 suspected cases have been recorded across the country, including 1159 associated deaths.  Although the overall case-fatality rate for the outbreak is 1.47%, cholera response and prevention efforts by the Ministry, WHO and health partners have significantly reduced the number of new cases reported. Surveillance activities have been enhanced and 265 health facilities were added in the Early Warning Alert and Response Network...

19 December 2017

19 December 2017 - The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported a cumulative total of 983 484 suspected cases of cholera including 2225 associated deaths since the second wave of the outbreak in April 2017. The overall case-fatality rate remains low (0.23%).  Reported cases are showing a downwards trend as the number of new cases and deaths are much lower than previous weeks. Among the 305 affected districts, 44 districts in three governorates (Al Mahrah, Mokalla, Seyoun) have not reported any suspected cases for the last 2 consecutive weeks.  The surge of cholera can be attributed to ongoing...

26 October 2017

26 October 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported a cumulative total of 862858 suspected cases of cholera including 2177 associated deaths as of 26 July for the outbreak which started in October 2016.  The overall case-fatality rate remains low (0.25%). There has been a modest decrease in the number of suspected cholera cases and deaths compared to previous weeks, and the overall trend appears to be stable. While cholera is endemic in Yemen, the country has experienced a surge in cholera cases since April this year, with nearly 5000 cases reported per day. Ongoing conflict,...

26 October 2017

26 October 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 54 suspected cases of cholera and 0 deaths for week 41 (9 – 15 October 2017). The cumulative number of cases stands at 77 783, including 1159 associated deaths across the country.  The overall case-fatality rate for the outbreak which started in January 2017 is 1.5%. No related deaths have been reported in the past few weeks, thanks to timely interventions by WHO, national health authorities and health partners.  Cholera response and prevention efforts have significantly reduced the number of new cases reported across the country. Additionally, regions that received...

27 July 2017

27 July 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has reported a cumulative total of 408 583 suspected cases of cholera including 1885 associated deaths as of 26 July for the outbreak which started in October 2016.  The overall case-fatality rate of 0.5% remains below the emergency threshold of 1%. However it is higher in Raymah (1.2%), Ibb (0.8%) and Hajjah (0.8%). The number of suspected cholera cases and deaths has declined compared to previous weeks, although there is a backlog of case information currently under review, and these numbers could change.   WHO and health partners support...

27 July 2017

27 July 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 1068 AWD/cholera cases and 3 deaths for week 28 (10 – 16 July 2017) with a case-fatality rate of 0.3%. Of these, the highest number of cases (286/27%) was reported in Middle Shebelle region, followed by Mudug, Sool and Banadir. The cumulative number of cases stands at 58 524, including 812 deaths, in 15 regions across the country. The overall case-fatality rate of 1.4% remains above the emergency threshold of 1%. However, the cholera outbreak which started in January 2017 is slowing down, thanks to timely interventions by WHO,...

18 July 2017

18 July 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded a total of 35 052 suspected cholera cases and 53 associated deaths for week 28 (9 to 15 July 2017). A cumulative total of 351 045 suspected cases of cholera and 1790 associated deaths have been recorded as of 04 July for the outbreak which started in October 2016.  The overall case-fatality rate is 0.5%. While the number of suspected cholera cases and deaths has declined in week 25 compared to previous weeks, it is premature to consider that the outbreak is slowing down, as there...

18 July 2017

18 July 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 1121 cholera cases and 3 deaths for week 26 (26 June – 2 July 2017). Of these, 272 cases (24% of the total cases) were reported in Banadir region. The number of new cases has declined by 18% from the past week, and the number of deaths dropped to 14% compared to week 24. A cumulative total of 56 628 cases including 806 deaths have been reported in 41 districts across 15 regions since the cholera outbreak started in January 2017. The case-fatality rate of 1.4% remains above the...

06 July 2017

06 July 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded a total of 50 998 suspected cholera cases and 218 associated deaths during the period 28 June to 04 July 2017. A cumulative total of 27 5987 suspected cases of cholera and 1634 associated deaths have been recorded as of 04 July during the outbreak which started in October 2016.  The overall case-fatality rate remains 0.6%, although it is higher in some regions.  The four most affected governorates are Amanat Al Asimah, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah and Amran where 47.9% of cases have been reported since 27...

29 June 2017

29 June 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded a total of 39 688 suspected cholera cases and 183 associated deaths during the period 22 to 27 June 2017. A cumulative total of 224 989 suspected cases of cholera and 1416 associated deaths have been recorded as of 27 June during the outbreak which started in October 2016.  The overall case-fatality rate is 0.6% although it is higher in some areas and among certain age groups.  While cholera is endemic in Yemen, the country has experienced a surge in cholera cases since 27 April 2017,...

27 June 2017

27 June 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 1979 AWD/ cholera cases and 13 deaths for week 24 (12 - 18 June 2017). Of these, 337 cases (17% of the total cases) were reported from Wadajir district in Banadir region. This is a 19% decrease in the number of new cases from week 23, and can be attributed to timely and effective intervention efforts over the past months. A cumulative total of 53 015 cases including 795 deaths have been reported since the cholera outbreak started in January 2017. The case-fatality rate of 1.5% remains above the...

22 June 2017

22 June 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded a total of 37 079 suspected cholera cases and 196 associated deaths during the period 13 June to 19 June 2017. A cumulative total of 185 301 suspected cases of cholera and 1233 associated deaths have been recorded as of 21 June during this outbreak, which started in October 2016. The overall case-fatality rate is 0.7%; however, it is higher among people aged over 60. WHO and health partners are actively supporting the Ministry through a cholera task force to improve cholera response efforts at the national...

15 June 2017

15 June 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 2429 AWD/ cholera cases and 19 deaths for week 23 (5 - 11 June 2017). Of these, 460 cases (19% of the total cases) were reported from Wadajir district in Banadir region.  The cholera outbreak which started in January 2017 has seen a cumulative total of 51 036 cases including 782 deaths. The case-fatality rate of 1.6% remains above the emergency threshold of 1%. Timely and effective interventions have reduced the number of new cholera cases overall, however,  new cases continue to be reported certain areas. Most of the cases...

15 June 2017

15 June 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded a total of 29 562 suspected cholera cases and 172 associated deaths during the period 5 to 12 June 2017. Since the outbreak started in October 2016, a cumulative total of 140 116 suspected cases of cholera and 989 associated deaths have been reported across the country. The overall case-fatality rate is 0.7%, however, it is higher (3.2%) among people aged over 60. While cholera is endemic in Yemen, the country has experienced a surge in cholera cases since 27 April 2017. Cholera has affected around 268...

10 June 2017

10 June 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has recorded an additional 13 912 cholera cases in the country between 3 and 6 June 2017. A cumulative total of 96 219 suspected cases of cholera and 746 associated deaths have been reported across the country since the outbreak started in October 2016. While cholera is endemic in Yemen, the country has experienced a surge in cholera cases since 27 April 2017. Cholera has affected around 268 districts in 19 governorates across the country. The case-fatality rate stands at 0.8% which is close to the emergency threshold...

10 June 2017

10 June 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 2679 AWD/ cholera cases and 23 deaths for week 21 (22 - 29 May 2017). The cumulative figures for the cholera outbreak since the beginning of the year stands at 45400 cases and 738 deaths. The case-fatality rate of 1.6% remains above the emergency threshold of 1%. While timely and effective interventions have limited the increase in cholera cases overall, new cases continue to be reported. Most of the cases were reported in Banadir region in Wadajir district, Luq in Gedo, Dusamareb, Galgadud and Baidoa in Bay region and...

20 May 2017

20 May 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population of Yemen has released updated numbers of cholera cases in the country. Since the last update on 27 April, 23 425 new suspected cases of cholera and 242 related deaths (case-fatality rate 1.1%) have been reported, mainly from Amran, Hajjah and Sana’a governorates and Sana’a city. A cumulative total of 49 495 suspected cases of cholera, including 362 associated deaths have been reported across the country since the outbreak started in October 2016. However, between 27 April and 18 May 2017, there has been a significant upsurge in the number...

23 April 2017

23 April 2017 – The Ministry of Health of Somalia has reported 2745 cases of cholera and 28 deaths which were reported from 50 districts in 12 regions during week 15 (10–16 April). Out of 20 stool samples collected last week from suspected AWD/cholera cases in Dolow and Abudwak in Bay region, 12 tested positive for vibrio cholerae 01, ogawa serotype. Since the start of the outbreak at the beginning of 2017, a cumulative total of 28,408 cholera cases and 558 deaths (CFR–2%) have been reported, with more cases expected as the rainy season (Gu) begins. The health cluster led by WHO...

26 March 2017

26 March 2017 - The number of cholera cases reported by the Ministry of Health in Somalia has reached a cumulative 17 211 cases and 388 deaths with a case fatality rate of 2.25%, which is nearly 4 times as many as were recorded for the same period in 2016, and surpasses the total number of cases recorded in 2016.  While the AWD/ cholera epidemic has been controlled in Hiran, Banadir, Middle Shebelle and Galgadud, most of the recently reported cases were from inaccessible villages in Bay and Gedo regions. The Ministry of Health and the health cluster led by WHO continue...

26 March 2017

26 March 2017 - The number of cholera cases reported by the Ministry of Health in Somalia has reached a cumulative 17 211 cases and 388 deaths with a case fatality rate of 2.25%, which is nearly 4 times as many as were recorded for the same period in 2016, and surpasses the total number of cases recorded in 2016.  While the AWD/ cholera epidemic has been controlled in Hiran, Banadir, Middle Shebelle and Galgadud, most of the recently reported cases were from inaccessible villages in Bay and Gedo regions. The Ministry of Health and the health cluster led by WHO continue to...

21 March 2017

21 March 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released updated figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. During the week of 6–12 March 2017, 88 new suspected cases of cholera and 2 deaths have been reported, mainly from Hajjah, Al Bayda and Sana’a governorates. Since the start of the outbreak in October 2016, a cumulative total of 23 506 suspected cases of cholera, including 108 associated deaths, have been reported across the country, with a case-fatality rate of 0.46%. Of the reported cases, Vibrio Cholerae 01 has been laboratory-confirmed in 198 stool samples collected from...

21 March 2017

21 March 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released updated figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. During the week of 6-12 March 2017, 88 new suspected cases of cholera and 2 deaths have been reported, mainly from Hajjah, Al Bayda and Sana’a governorates. Since the start of the outbreak in October 2016, a cumulative total of 23506 suspected cases of cholera, including 108 associated deaths, have been reported across the country, with a case-fatality rate of 0.46%. Of the reported cases, Vibrio Cholerae 01 has been laboratory-confirmed in 198 stool samples collected from 15...

08 March 2017

Cholera situation in Somalia, February 2017

During the month of February 2017, the rise in the number of cases of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera was significant – from 3113 cases and 47 deaths in January to 4621 cases and 138 deaths in February. Acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases and deaths were reported from 38 districts in the south central region and 4 districts in Puntland. The most affected regions in the south central include Bay, Banadir, Middle Shabelle and Lower Shabelle. In Puntland, the most affected districts include Basasso, Galgdogob, Galkayo and Jiriiban. Of the 4603 acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases reported during this reporting month, 45.7% were women, while 38.8% were...

07 March 2017

7 March 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen released additional figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. Since the last update on 26 February 2017, 1598 new suspected cases of cholera and zero deaths have been reported.  The trend of suspected cholera cases per week appear to be on the decline in most districts or governorates. Nearly 85% of the new cases recorded since the last update was in 10 districts within Al Hudaydah, Al Bayda, Hajjah, Sana’a and Ta’izz governorates. Since the start of the outbreak in October 2016, a cumulative total of 22 181 suspected...

26 February 2017

26 February 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen released additional figures for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. Since the last update on 31 January 2017, 1610 new suspected cases of cholera, including 4 deaths have been reported.   The trend of suspected cholera cases per week appear to be on the decline  in most locations. Nearly 80% of the new cases recorded in the past two weeks were in 13 districts within Al Hudaydah, Dhale, Hajjah and Ta’izz governorates.  The Health Cluster led by WHO, in partnership with the Ministry of Public Health and Population , UNICEF, OCHA...

13 February 2017

A total of 913 new suspected cases of cholera, including 10 deaths and a case–fatality rate of 1.1% have been reported in Somalia by the federal Ministry of Health. There has been a decrease in fatalities compared to last week (case–fatality rate 1.7%) indicating an improvement in patient care and overall response activities in the country.  WHO continues to work with the Somali Ministry of Health as well as Health and WASH cluster partners to strengthen cholera response activities at the national and regional levels. A new cholera treatment centre has been established in Burhakaba, and health workers have been trained on...

13 February 2017

Cholera situation in Somalia, January 2017

Highlights During January, a total of 3113 cases of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera and 47 deaths were reported across Somalia. This is a significant increase from figures for December 2016 – 1208 cases and 33 deaths. Cholera cases are on the rise due to the ongoing drought in Somalia that has dried up much of the available water sources. Acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases in January were reported from 37 districts in the south-central region, including Bay (1443 cases, 23 deaths), Banadir (574 cases, 18 deaths), Lower Shebelle (452 cases, 1 death), Middle Shebelle (317 cases, 3 deaths) and Hiran (265 cases, 2 deaths). Cases...

29 January 2017

25 January 2017 – The Ministry of Health in Somalia provided WHO with an update on the ongoing outbreak of cholera. Since the last update on 18 January 2017, a total of 930 additional suspected cases of cholera, including 6 deaths have been reported. To date, between 01 January and 22 January 2017, the cumulative number of suspected cases of cholera reported from the country stands at 2236, including 32 deaths with a case fatality rate of 1.4%. Of these reported cases, Vibrio Cholerae 01 has been laboratory confirmed in 10 stool samples collected so far from Bay, Banadir and...

29 January 2017

25 January 2017 – The Ministry of Health in Somalia provided WHO with an update on the ongoing outbreak of cholera. Since the last update on 18 January 2017, a total of 930 additional suspected cases of cholera, including 6 deaths have been reported. To date, between 01 January and 22 January 2017, the cumulative number of suspected cases of cholera reported from the country stands at 2236, including 32 deaths with a case fatality rate of 1.4%. Of these reported cases, Vibrio Cholerae 01 has been laboratory confirmed in 10 stool samples collected so far from Bay, Banadir and...

23 January 2017

23 January 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen released additional figure for the ongoing outbreak of cholera. Since the last update on 10 January 2017, 1866 new suspected cases of cholera have been reported; no additional deaths were reported. The weekly trend of reported cholera cases remains unchanged although a decrease in the reported cases have been observed in a number of the affected governorates. Poor accesses to health care services along with limited active case-findings due to insecurity are severely compromising the effectiveness of the ongoing response operations. As of 18 January, a cumulative total...

16 January 2017

15 January 2017 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has published the latest figures on cases and deaths in the ongoing cholera outbreak in the country. Since the last update on 28 December 2016, 3335 new suspected cases of cholera and two additional deaths have been reported. As of 10 January, a total of 15 468 suspected cases of cholera, including 99 associated deaths have been reported, with a case–fatality rate of 0.64%. Of these cases, 180 cases were laboratory-confirmed for Vibrio cholerae 01. The government together with United Nations agencies and other partners are still combating the...

2016

22 December 2016

22 December 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released updated figures on cholera cases in the country. Since the last update on 13 December, 1496 new suspected cases of cholera and 4 additional deaths have been reported. As of 20 December, a cumulative total of 11...

15 December 2016

The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has reported new cases of cholera in Yemen. Since the last update on 6 December, 1173 new suspected cases of acute watery diarrhoea/ cholera and 3 additional deaths have been reported. As of 13 December, a cumulative total of 10 148 suspected...

14 December 2016

Cholera situation in Yemen, November 2016

Highlights, November As of 30 November 2016, a cumulative number of 7730 acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases, including 82 related deaths (attack–rate 3.4%, case–fatality rate 1.1%) were reported from 135 districts. In November, 5489 new acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases, including 35 associated deaths were reported. Of the 613 stool samples collected since the outbreak,...

14 December 2016

Cholera situation in Yemen, November 2016

Highlights, November As of 30 November 2016, a cumulative number of 7730 acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases, including 82 related deaths (attack–rate 3.4%, case–fatality rate 1.1%) were reported from 135 districts. In November, 5489 new acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases, including 35 associated deaths were reported. Of the 613 stool samples collected since the outbreak,...

08 December 2016

8 December 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has published updated figures on cases of cholera in Yemen. To date, 8975 suspected cases of cholera, including 89 associated deaths have been reported, with a case–fatality rate of 1%.  The number of laboratory-confirmed cases of Vibrio cholerae...

07 December 2016

Cholera in Somalia, monthly situation update, November 2016

As of 30 November, a total of 14 165 cases and 497 deaths (case–fatality rate 3.51%) have been reported. Of these, 6752 (47.7%) affected females, and 8184 (57.8%) affected children below 5 years of age. There is a slight increase in the number of acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases during this reporting...

01 December 2016

1 December 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has reported additional cases of cholera in Yemen. To date, 7730 suspected cases of cholera, including 82 associated deaths have been reported (case fatality rate of 1.06%). Of these, 122 cases were laboratory-confirmed as Vibrio cholerae 01. The affected...

24 November 2016

The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released updated figures on cholera cases in Yemen. As of 24 November 2016, 6119 suspected cases of cholera, including 68 associated deaths were reported in Sana’a City and Aden, Amran, Al Hudaydah, Al-Bayda‘a, Al-Dhale’a, Ibb, Hajjah, Lahij, Ta’izz and Sana’a governorates....

17 November 2016

The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has reported additional cholera cases in the country.  To date, 4825 suspected cases of cholera, including 61 associated deaths were reported in Aden, Amran, Al Hudaydah, Al-Bayda‘a, Al-Dhale’a, Ibb, Hajjah, Lahij, Ta’izz, Sana’a City and Sana’a governorates.  Of these, 89 cases have...

10 November 2016

Situation update for cholera for Yemen, October 2016

Highlights As of 31 October 2016, a cumulative number of 2241 suspected acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases, including 47 deaths (case-fatality rate 2.4%) were reported from Sana’a, the capital city and 11 governorates, including Sana’a, Ta’iz, Al Hudaydah, Adan, Lahij, Al Bayda’, Hajjah, Dhamar, Ibb, Amran and Ad Dali.  There are equal numbers...

09 November 2016

Situation update on cholera in Somalia, October 2016

Highlights As of October 2016, a cumulative number of 13 728 acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases and 496 (case–fatality rate 3.6%) deaths were reported in 25 districts. Of these 6 520 (47.5%) are women, while 7 968 (58.0%) are children below 5 years. As shown in the EPI curve, there was a significant...

06 November 2016

The Ministry of Public Health and Population has published updated figures for cholera cases in the country.  A total of 2733 suspected cases and 51 associated deaths have been reported in Ta’iz, Aden, Lahij, Al Hudaydah, Hajjah, Sana'a, Al Bayda, Dhamar and Ibb. 75 cholera cases have been laboratory-confirmed so far.  While...

30 October 2016

The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has released new figures on the number of cholera and cholera-related deaths in the country. As of 30 October 2016, a total of 1410 suspected cases of cholera, including 45 associated deaths have been reported. Laboratory-confirmed cases of cholera have been reported...

23 October 2016

23 October 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has confirmed additional cases of cholera and cholera-related deaths in the country. As of today, a total of 644 suspected cases of cholera, including 3 deaths, have been reported. 31 cases have been laboratory-confirmed so far. Among the...

19 October 2016

Update on the cholera situation in Somalia, September 2016

Update on the cholera situation in Somalia, September 2016 As of September 2016, a cumulative number of 13 598 acute watery diarrhoea/cholera cases and 497 (case–fatality rate 3.64%) deaths have been reported in 25 districts. Of these, 6452 (47.5%) were women and 7 884 (57.9%) were children under 5 years of...

13 October 2016

13 October 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has announced the occurrence of additional cases of cholera in Yemen.  As of today, a total of 15 cases of cholera have been laboratory-confirmed, of which 11 are from Sana’a, and 4 from Al Bayda. The stool samples...

10 October 2016

10 October 2016 – The Ministry of Public Health and Population in Yemen has announced the occurrence of cholera cases in the capital city of Sana'a, Yemen. As of 8 October 2016, a total of 11 cases of cholera were laboratory-confirmed. The stool samples were tested positive for Vibrio cholerae at...

06 September 2016

Cholera situation in Somalia, 31 August 2016

As of 31 August 2016, a total number of 13 453 suspected cases of cholera, including 496 deaths (case–fatality rate 3.7%), have been reported in 25 districts in the south and central regions of Somalia. Of these, 6378 (47.5%) are female and 7791 (58%) are children below 5 years of...

04 August 2016

Cholera situation in Somalia, 31 July 2016

As of 30 July 2016, a total number of 13 055 suspected cases cholera, including 491 deaths (case–fatality rate 3.7%), have been reported in 25 districts in the south and central regions of Somalia. Of these, 6178 (47.3%) are female and 7549 (58%) are children below 5 years of age....