About the journal

Established in 1995, the Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal (EMHJ) is the flagship periodical of the World Health Organization Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean. The journal aims to improve health across the Region through the publication of quality research, with an emphasis on public health and focused on strategic health priorities. The EMHJ strengthens public health knowledge, policy, practice and education. Its wide dissemination supports health policy decision-making and enables researchers, practitioners and professionals to remain well informed of developments in public health.

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Current issue: Volume 26 (5), May 2020


Solidarity in response to COVID-19 outbreak in the Eastern Mediterranean Region
Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Chiori Kodama, Abdinasir Abubakar and Richard Brennan
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):492–494. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.492


What works where in prevention of Covid-19: The case of Somalia
Abdi Gele
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):495–496. https://doi. org/10.26719/2020.26.5.495

Virtual social networks and mental health intervention for medical staff during the COVID-19 outbreak in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Maryam Zaare Nahandi, Hassan Shahrokhi, Sara Farhang and Mohammad Hossein Somi
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):497–498. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.497

Unlocking towns and cities: COVID-19 exit strategy
Salman Rawaf, Harumi Quezada Yamamoto and David Rawaf
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):499–502. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.20.028

Recommendations from the 4th International Conference on Mass Gatherings Medicine, Saudi Arabia
Anas Khan, Saber Yezli, Gregory Ciottone, Maria Borodina, Jamie Ranse, Philippe Gautret, Sheila Turris, Adam Lund, Ziad A Memish, Avinash Sharma, Ozayr Mahomed, Salim Parker, Abdullah Asiri and Hani Jokhdar
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):503–505. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.20.016

Research articles

Developing a questionnaire to assess Iranian nurses’ knowledge of and attitude to Middle East respiratory syndrome
Masoomeh Abdollahi, Akram Ghahramanian, Shahla Shahbazi, Farshid Rezaei, Behroz Naghili and Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):506–516. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.065

Association between the nationality of nurses and safety culture in maternity units of Oman
Waleed Al Nadabi, Muhammad Faisal and Mohammed A. Mohammed
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):517–524. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.517

Development of a medical error scale for nurses in Turkey
Masoomeh Abdollahi, Akram Ghahramanian, Shahla Shahbazi, Farshid Rezaei, Behroz Naghili and Mohammad Asghari-Jafarabadi
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):525–530. https://doi. org/10.26719/emhj.19.025

Priority setting for research in the field of medical ethics in the Islamic Republic of Iran: a Delphi study
Mahshad Noroozi, Bagher Larijani, Saharnaz Nedjat, Kiarash Aramesh and Pooneh Salari
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):531–538. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.085

Knowledge of, attitudes to and participation in clinical trials in Jordan: a population-based survey
Mamoun Ahram, Ala’a Farkouh, Marah Haddad, Zeina Kalaji and Ahmad Yanis
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):539–546. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.539

Equity in utilization of health care services in Turkey: an index based analysis
Selcen Öztürk and Dilek Başar
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):547–555. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.090

Community pharmacists’ perceptions, awareness and practices regarding counterfeit medicines: a cross-sectional survey in Alexandria, Egypt
Amira Bashir, Sally Galal, Alyaa Ramadan, Ashraf Wahdan and Labiba El-Khordagui
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):556–564. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.058

Predictors of the burden on family carers of patients on haemodialysis in Jordan
Eman Alnazly
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):5654–572. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.097

Preferences of Lebanese adults for the gender of their surgeons: a cross-sectional study
Nour Abdul Halim, Paul Beaineh, Madelin Fenianos, Selim Gebran, Ahmad Msheik, Sima Sharara and Mona Nabulsi
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):573–579. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.093

Seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus in pregnant women in northern Lebanon
Mohamad Bashar Ismail, Safaa Khodor, Marwan Osman, Hassan Mallat, Fouad Dabboussi and Monzer Hamze
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):580–585. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.19.103

Prevalence of allergenic arthropods in domestic dwellings of referrals to an asthma and allergy clinic in the Islamic Republic of Iran
Ayda Shafiei, Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard, Kourosh Azizi, Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh, Tahere Dabaghmanesh and Aboozar Soltani
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):586–593. https://doi. org/10.26719/emhj.19.087

Heavy metal concentration in classroom dust samples and its relationship with childhood asthma: a study from Islamic Republic of Iran
Mozhgan Moghtaderi, Mohammad Ali Ashraf, Tahereh Moghtaderi, Saeed Hosseini Teshnizi and Seyed Hesamedin Nabavizadeh
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):594–601. https://doi.org/10.26719/ emhj.19.072

Validity, reliability and use of a Kuwait child nutrition knowledge assessment questionnaire
Nadine Ibrahim, Dima AlKaed, Fatima Ismail and Roula Barake
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):602–608. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.602

Short research communications

Seroprevalence of Herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2 in Indian and Filipino migrant populations in Qatar: a cross-sectional survey
Gheyath Nasrallah, Soha Dargham, Manale Harfouche and Laith Abu-Raddad
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):609–615. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.609

Performance of Eastern Mediterranean Region laboratories in the World Health Organization external quality assessment programme for arbovirus diagnostics
Raynal C. Squires, Christopher J. Oxenford, Sebastien Cognat and Frank Konings
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):616–619. https://doi.org/10.26719/emhj.20.015

WHO events addressing public health priorities

Second Eastern Mediterranean/Arab States regional summit of national ethics and bioethics committees
East Mediterr Health J. 2020;26(5):492–494. https://doi.org/10.26719/2020.26.5.492

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Editorial team

Ahmed Al-Mandhari, Editor-in-chief

Arash Rashidian, Executive Director
Ahmed Mandil, Deputy Executive Editor
Phillip Dingwall, Managing Editor

Editorial Board

Zulfiqar Bhutta
Mahmoud Fahmy Fathalla
Rita Giacaman
Ahmed Mandil
Ziad Memish
Arash Rashidian
Sameen Siddiqi
Huda Zurayk

International Advisory Panel

Mansour M. Al-Nozha
Fereidoun Azizi
Rafik Boukhris
Majid Ezzati
Hans V. Hogerzeil
Mohamed A. Ghoneim
Alan Lopez
Hossein Malekafzali
El-Sheikh Mahgoub
Hooman Momen
Sania Nishtar
Hikmat Shaarbaf
Salman Rawaf

Editoral assistants

Nadia Abu-Saleh, Suhaib Al Asbahi (Graphics), Diana Tawadros (Graphics)

Editorial support

Guy Penet (French editor)
Eva Abdin, Fiona Curlet, Cathel Kerr, Marie-France Roux (Technical editors)
Ahmed Bahnassy, Abbas Rahimiforoushani (Statistics editors)


Iman Fawzy

Web publishing

Nahed El Shazly, Ihab Fouad, Hazem Sakr

Library and printing support

Hatem Nour El Din, Metry Al Ashkar, John Badawi, Ahmed Magdy, Amin El Sayed.

All issues

Most read articles

Research articles

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» All review articles


Salman Rawaf, Harumi Quezada Yamamoto and David Rawaf

Anas Khan, Saber Yezli,1 Gregory Ciottone, Maria Borodina, Jamie Ranse, Philippe Gautret, Sheila Turris, Adam Lund, Ziad A Memish, Avinash Sharma, Ozayr Mahomed, Salim Parker, Abdullah Asiri and Hani Jokhdar

Short research communications


Antoine Haddad, Tarek Bou Assi, Laura Haddad, Perrine Malaud Wakim, Rita Feghali, Wissam Makki, Mohammad Haidar, Yorgui Teyrouz, Hanadi Samaha, Tamima Jisr, Christian Haddad, Elizabeth Baz, Berthe Hachem, Vanda Barakett and Olivier Garraud

Banan Abdulrzaq Mukhalalati, Lina Bader, Asmaa Alhaqan and Ian Bates

Moutaz Derbala, Elmoubasher Abd Farag, Hamad E. Al-Romaihi, Saad Al Kaabi, Mohamed Al-Thani, Elham El Sayed, Aliaa Amer and Sayed Himatt