The Right to Health Advocacy project promotes improved respect, protection and fulfilment of the right to the highest attainable standard of health in the oPt, as it focuses on protecting Palestinian access to health care in the special context of occupation.
The project’s strategy is to mainstream human rights into health policy and programmes, by increasing capacity within WHO and key partners, namely, the Palestinian Ministry of Health, health services, human rights and humanitarian organizations, and into university curricula by increasing capacity of public health academia. It also promotes improved monitoring of issues important to health rights and social determinants of population health.
The project, implemented in the West Bank and Gaza Strip through the WHO, uses advocacy at local, national and international levels to ensure that key violations of the right to health, for example, health access barriers, are visible on the agenda of policy-makers, as well as UN agencies and the international community. Its main activities are training, research and data collection, publications and briefings.
The project is funded by Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.
Right to health
Functioning public health and health care facilities, goods and services have to be available in sufficient quantity.
Health facilities, goods and services have to be accessible to everyone without discrimination. Accessibility has four overlapping dimensions: non-discrimination; physical accessibility; economic accessibility (affordability); and information accessibility.
All health facilities, goods and services must be respectful of medical ethics and culturally appropriate, sensitive to gender and life-cycle requirements, as well as designed to respect confidentiality and improve the health status of those concerned.
Health facilities, goods and services must be scientifically and medically appropriate and of good quality.
The right to health was first reflected in the WHO Constitution 1946 and then reiterated in 1978 in the Declaration of Alma Ata and in the World Health Declaration adopted by the World Health Assembly in 1998. The most authoritative interpretation of right to health is outlined in Article 12 of the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, ratified by 145 countries.