Islamic Republic of Iran | Programme areas | Primary health care and family practice approach

Primary health care and family practice approach

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The family practice programme was initially implemented in 2006 in rural areas and cities covering a population of 20 000. It is based on the existing primary health care system and network. The programme has evolved over the last few years and since 2010 has been expanded to cities with populations of more than 20 000 but less than 50 000 in three selected provinces: Sistan Balochestan, Charmahal Bakhtiari, Khozestan (17 cities).

The Ministry of Health and Medical Education has proposed expansion of the programme to more urban areas, and this has been approved by the health policy council. The evolution of the programme has been based on five experiences:

  • experiences from programme implementation in rural areas
  • WHO assessment of the programme
  • consultation with stakeholders
  • population feedback through hotline services.
  • a universal health coverage meeting held in the Islamic Republic of Iran, in collaboration with WHO.

The family practice programme has recently been expanded to the entire country.

Related link

Primary health care

Key health-related statistics

Total population (x1000) (2016)


Total health expenditure (%general government expenditure)


Maternal mortality per 100 000 live


Primary health care units and centres


Hospital beds per 10000 pop.


Life expectancy (F/M)

75.7 (76.9/74.6)

Source: Framework for health information systems and core indicators for monitoring health situation and health system performance, 2018

Islamic Republic of Iran country health profile

Regional Health Observatory