Syrian Arab Republic


WHO partners with MENTOR Initiative to control leishmaniasis in Aleppo and Deir ez-Zor

To control outbreaks of leishmaniasis in the hard-to-reach and opposition-controlled areas, WHO has partnered with MENTOR Initiative to distribute long-lasting insecticide treated nets to people in SyriaThere are 3 main forms of leishmaniases – visceral (often known as kala-azar and the most serious form of the disease), cutaneous (the most common), and mucocutaneous. Leishmaniasis is caused by the protozoan Leishmania parasites which are transmitted by the bite of infected sandflies.26 May 2014 – In a strategic effort to control outbreaks of leishmaniasis in the hard-to-reach and opposition-controlled areas, WHO partnered with MENTOR Initiative to distribute long-lasting insecticide treated nets (LLINS) for over half a million beneficiaries in Aleppo and Deir ez-Zor governorates of northern Syria. 

Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease, endemic in many parts of the world, including in Syria. Several outbreaks have occurred in the Middle East over the past decades, mostly related to war-associated population migration. However, the frequency and magnitude of leishmaniasis occurrence became alarming as the Syrian conflict drags into the fifth year.

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Key health-related statistics

Total population (000s)

21 639

Total health expenditure (% of general government expenditure)

5.6

Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births)

49

Primary health care centres and units (per 10 000 population)

0.9

Total life expectancy at birth (years)

68.0

Source: Country statistical profiles 2014

See Syrian Arab Republic country profile

Regional Health Observatory