اللوائح الصحية الدولية


Somalia completes joint external evaluation for International Health Regulations (2005)

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IHR_training_Entebbe3 November 2016 – Somalia, in collaboration with World Health Organization (WHO), recently completed a joint external evaluation of the International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) to evaluate the country’s capacities to detect, prevent and respond to public health emergencies.

The evaluation workshop, from 17 to 21 October, in Entebbe, Uganda, examined the country’s current public health capacity across IHR technical areas – legislation, policy, finance, IHR coordination and advocacy, antimicrobial resistance, zoonotic diseases, food safety, biosafety and biosecurity, immunisation, national laboratory capacity, surveillance, reporting, workforce development, preparedness and emergency response operations.

The 5-day workshop was attended by WHO staff from regional and country offices, representatives from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the United Nations Institute for Training and Research, countries, including Finland, Belgium, Lebanon, Sudan and the United Kingdom, and 35 participants from Mogadishu and the northeastern and northwestern zones of Somalia, who represented a wide range of sectors, including the Ministries of Health, Commerce, the Interior and Justice and Constitutional Affairs, ports of entry authorities and academic institutions.

The joint external evaluation is the main component under IHR’s monitoring and evaluation framework, post-2015, for setting priorities to develop, maintain and sustain the required core capacities for every state party. 

Each of the 19 technical areas covered by IHR was marked with 3 to 5 priority actions for capacity-building. The evaluation also covered points of entry and other IHR-related hazards for chemical events and radiation emergencies.

Using the joint evaluation tool, evaluators determined that Somalia has limited capacity in almost all of these technical areas. Somali officials said that the exercise had been an eye-opener for the country to build capacity for IHR requirements and pledged support from all the states to implement all priority actions. They agreed to set up an IHR high coordination committee and technical committees to assist in the implementation of IHR regulations.

The external evaluation team congratulated Somalia for their support and transparency in conducting the mission and advised that all sectors responsible for the implementation of IHR should develop a plan of action as soon as possible in order to implement the identified priority actions. 

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Read more about the IHR 2005

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International health regulationsThe International Health Regulations (IHR 2005) are a set of regulations legally binding on 196 States Parties, including all WHO Member States. They contribute to global public health security by providing a new framework for the coordination of the management of events that may constitute a public health emergency of international concern, and improve the capacity of all countries to detect, assess, notify and respond to public health threats.

The IHR were adopted at the Fifty-eighth World Health Assembly on 23 May 2005 and entered into force on 15 June 2007. They require States Parties to notify a potentially wide range of events to the WHO. Implementing the IHR is an obligation for WHO and States Parties to the Regulations.

The purpose and scope of the Regulations are “to prevent, protect against, control and provide a public health response to the international spread of disease in ways that are commensurate with and restricted to public health risks, and which avoid unnecessary interference with international traffic and trade”. Because the IHR (2005) are not limited to specific diseases but apply to new and ever- changing public health risks, they are intended to have long-lasting relevance in the international response to the emergence and spread of disease. The IHR also provide the legal basis for important health documents applicable to international travel and transport and sanitary protections for the users of international airports, ports, and ground crossings.

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