WHO | Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean

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Epidemic-prone diseases, including emerging and re-emerging diseases constitute the greatest threat to public health security in Eastern Mediterranean Region.

In the past 20 years, the Region has witnessed a marked increase in the number of outbreaks and pandemics caused by emerging and re-emerging diseases, such as Alkhurma haemorrhagic fever, chikungunya, cholera, dengue, A/H5N1 influenza, pandemic A/H1N1 (2009) and Rift Valley fever, among others. This situation has been exacerbated by acute and chronic humanitarian crisis in many countries of the Region.

The communicable disease surveillance, forecasting and response programme provides technical support to countries of the Region to strengthen their capacities to early detect and adequately respond to threats of outbreaks and pandemics. The programme also coordinates regional and international responses to such outbreaks.

Challenges facing countries in the Region include:

insufficient allocation of funds to build adequate resources for surveillance and response to major public health events

political instability, man-made and natural disasters

weak health systems and inadequate health services.

Disease outbreak news

Dengue fever in Pakistan, 29 September 2013

Update on hepatitis E in South Sudan, 16 June 2013

Meningococcal disease in South Sudan, 15 June 2013

Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) in Pakistan, 14 June 2013

Update on avian influenza in Egypt, March–May 2013

Novel coronavirus infection, update 14 June 2013

WHO press statement on novel coronavirus, 12 May 2013

Novel coronavirus infection, update 26 March 2013

Novel coronavirus infection, update 23 March 2013

Novel coronavirus infection, update 12 March 2013

Novel cornavirus infection, update 6 March 2013

Previous updates


Disease outbreaks by year

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