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WHO addressing leishmaniasis in high-risk areas of Syrian Arab Republic

WHO addressing leishmaniasis in high-risk areas of the Syrian Arab Republic

23 July 2019 – Leishmaniasis is a neglected disease. It is estimated that every year over 40 000 new cases occur in Idleb, northern Hama and rural Aleppo alone, making this one of the worst-affected areas in the Syrian Arab Republic. It causes immense human suffering.

Prevention and treatment solutions are in hand, and some countries have realized eradication. Despite the urgency and potential for eradication, leishmaniasis control and treatment activities have been structurally underfunded every year.

In 2019, with financial support from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), WHO and its partner have implemented one of the first large-scale leishmaniasis prevention, control and treatment projects, reaching approximately 1.25 million people in north-western Syria.

WHO has increased access to appropriate care by improving leishmaniasis knowledge and skills in primary health-care facilities. For the first time in Syria, WHO has introduced thermotherapy machines in specialized leishmaniasis centres to improve treatment options for patients.

Preventative measures include distributing protective bed nets and spraying sandfly-preventing insecticides. Active community engagement and risk communication activities were also integrated into the project.

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WHO delivers health care to displaced people in north-west Syrian Arab Republic

WHO delivers health care to displaced people in north-west Syrian Arab Republic

Mobile_clinic

2 July 2019 – To meet the needs of the recently displaced people in north-west Syrian Arab Republic, the World Health Organization (WHO) and partners have deployed eight mobile clinics since the beginning of May 2019. These mobile clinics are often the only source of health care to people who have been cut off from access to regular health services as a result of the ongoing conflict in the area. On average, each of these mobile clinics provides between 1500 to 1800 health consultations per month and ensures referrals to the closest health facility if further care is needed.

North-west Syrian Arab Republic remains one of the most volatile regions of Syrian Arab Republic and hosts a population of around 4 million, including large numbers of internally displaced people from other parts of the country. In May 2019 alone, as a result of the recent escalation of the conflict in north Hama and south Idleb governorates, it is estimated that an additional 330 000 people were displaced. Most moved towards the north of Idleb governorate, close to the Turkish border. There is a pressing need to reach every person with much needed health care.

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باكستان: فاشية لفيروس نقص المناعة البشري في مقاطعة السند

باكستان: فاشية لفيروس نقص المناعة البشري في مقاطعة السند

باكستان: فاشية لفيروس نقص المناعة البشري في مقاطعة السندPhoto credit: The New Humanitarian

13 حزيران/يونيو 2019 - أعلنت السلطات عن اكتشاف فاشية لفيروس نقص المناعة البشري في لاركانا بمقاطعة السند في باكستان، وذلك في 25 نيسان/أبريل 2019. وفي 1 حزيران/يونيو 2019، فُحِصَ 251 شخصًا لتحري إصابتهم بالفيروس، واكتشف منهم 9 أشخاص مصابين به.

وفحص 26،041 شخصًا إجماليًا للتأكد من إصابتهم بالفيروس منذ بداية الفاشية، واكتشف إصابة 751 شخصًا منهم.

ومن بين الحالات الإيجابية البالغ عددها 751، تلقت 324 حالة فقط (43٪) العلاج بمضادات الفيروسات القهقرية، ويعود ذلك لعدم كفاية مخزونات الدواء في البلد. والمخزونات الحالية تكفي لتلبية احتياجات 240 طفلًا حتى 15 تموز/يوليو 2019، ويتلقى الآن 231 طفلًا العلاج بالفعل. وهذا يعني أنه لا يمكن تسجيل سوى 9 أطفال آخرين لتلقي العلاج من مخزون الأدوية المتاح، مما يترك العديد من الأطفال المصابين دون علاج.

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